Parnia Hojjatpanah / Staff reporter  

Teen anxiety and depression are not medically different mental health conditions from adult anxiety and depression. However, the symptoms of these conditions may present differently in teenagers than they do in adults.  

This may be due to the different developmental and social challenges that teenagers typically face, such as hormonal changes, developing brains and bodies, and peer pressure. 

Anxiety and depression in teenagers have been linked to high levels of stress, a lower quality of life, and, in severe cases, suicide. 

There are sources to call when you are feeling anxious or depressed. These sources are betterme.comBC health etc… 

When asked about what do you think we talk about this enough? 

“I like how we talk about this at school and I like how outside of school there are programs that are easily to access for teens, however I would like to see more because I don’t think that everyone who is struggling are getting the help they need” Karina Tsoy grade 10. 

However when a different student was asked her response was “I don’t think its talked enough in school but I feel like outside of school like on social media they really emphasize on trying to raze the awareness about it.” Jennifer Park 

What cause this? 

  • Genetics: Teenagers with a family history of mood or anxiety disorders may be at higher risk of developing them. 
  • Trauma: Teenagers with a history of trauma — such as sexual abuse, violence, or involvement in an accident — may be more likely to experience anxiety and depression. 
  • Environment: A teenager’s social, school, and home environments can have an impact on their mental health. Difficulties such as abuse and neglect, divorce in the family, being bullied, poverty, learning disabilities, and struggling to fit in may all contribute to depression and anxiety. 
  • Differences in the brain: Teenagers’ brains are structurally different than adults’ brains. Changes in teenagers’ brain circuits that are involved in responses to danger and rewards can increase stress levels. Teenagers with depression and anxiety may also have different levels of neurotransmitters — such as dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine — in their brains. These affect the regulation of moods and behavior. 
  • Substance misuse: Drug and alcohol misuse may affect teenagers’ moods and lead to depression. They may turn to these substances to self-medicate their emotions. 
  • Stresses of puberty: Teenagers who are experiencing puberty may go through hormonal changes that affect their mood and deal with the stresses of a changing body, which can make them feel different than their peers. 
  • Negative thought patterns: Depression and anxiety in teenagers may be linked to negative thought patterns. If teenagers have regular exposure to negative thinking — often from their parents — they may also develop a negative worldview. 

do you think social media has an effect on this? If so how? 

“I think its definitely different for everyone for me personally social media doesn’t have any impact on me, but I know that for other people it does its one of those things that really depends on who you are and how you interact with the social media. Social media is such a big topic it could be the post, it could be the people you interact with so I think it just depends on the person.” Anysia Andrisoaia 

What is the treatment? 

A healthcare professional will treat a teenager’s depression, anxiety, or both based on the severity of the condition. They may suggest psychotherapy (talk therapy), medication, or both. 

Usually, a combination of the two is the most effective treatment. An antidepressant, or a combination of antidepressants, can help correct the chemical imbalance in the teenager’s brain. Meanwhile, talk therapy may help combat negative thought patterns and behaviors. 

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)Trusted Source has issued a warning that antidepressants may cause some children and teenagers to experience suicidal thoughts. The FDA has approved two drugs to treat depression in children: fluoxetine (Prozac), for children aged 8 years and older, and escitalopram (Lexapro), for children aged 12 years and older. 

Experts state that they need more pediatric studies, as many antidepressants with approval for adults are not proven to work in children. 

The FDA requires that all antidepressants include a warning about the increased risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in children, adolescents, and young adults up to the age of 24 years. 


Medical News Today 

BC health  

What to know about Anxiety 

What is Depression  

What is fluoxetine? 

FDA: Don’t Leave Childhood Depression Untreated | FDA