Jacob Goroza / Staff reporter
This April has been the second warmest April in the world since the record of 1880 said NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). The year 2020 has over a 99.99% chance of being the top five warmest years on record.
The arctic sea ice has decreased substantially. The ice has been 6.5% below the 1981-2010 average in ice. This change has made the ocean temperature become 1.49 degrees F above the 20th century’s average. That then allows the sea level to rise, further affecting coastal areas across the globe Those adverse effects have been shown by the increase of leeches in saltwater tides, flooding, and both worsenings hurricanes and damages against buildings.
The April 2020 global land and ocean surface temperature were 1.91°F (1.06°C) above the 20th-century average of 56.7°F (13.7°C). It was the second-highest April temperature in a 141-year-old record. These temperatures will continue to increase as summer approaches
As the temperatures increases, the risk of fire increases since April has been usually dry. Due to increasing temperatures, April’s dryness could also have the potential to increase the risk of fire. Which can cause sunburn, eye damage, and premature wrinkles. Ways of preventing those causes are wearing sunglasses, drinking water while avoiding alcohol and soda that dehydrates the body, taking cool showers or baths to cool down ones core temperature, and using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protector SPF of at least 30 to decrease the risk.
According to meteorologists, the summer of 2021 is going to be hotter than normal, with the hottest points in July and Mid-August. The rainfall will be below normal in the east and above normal in the west. One reason for the hotter weather, the experts said, is because of an incoming La Niña, which is a “periodic cooling of water in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean” La Nina is a weather pattern that occurs in the Pacific Ocean. In the pattern, strong winds blow warm water at the oceans’ surfaces from South America to Indonesia.